1960 1961 1962


  • Berlin Wall constructed.
  • Bay of Pigs invasion fails. Republican and CIA planning foisted on an unwary Democratic President.
  • U.S. Army tests a new weaponized cannabis - EA 2233 - on G.I.s (no, really)
  • Joseph Heller publishes Catch-22.
  • Robert A. Heinlein publishes Stranger in a Strange Land.
  • United States Information Service (USIS) in Saigon certifies Invasion of the Body Snatchers for support to familiarize Vietnamese audiences with American society and culture.
  • Arthur C. Clarke publishes A Fall of Mondust.
  • Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin orbits the planet.
  • China's population is 658.59 million.



  • January 1: Farthing coin no longer legal tender in Britain.
  • January 20: John F. Kennedy inaugurated as President of the United States. At age 43 Kennedy is the youngest elected president and the first Roman Catholic. In his inaugural speech he asks: "And so, my fellow Americans ... ask not what your country can do for you ... ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world ... ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."
  • January 20: Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the 37th Vice President of the United States.
  • January 25: Rightwing military coup d'etat ousts another miltiary juunta in El Salvador.




  • April 16: U.S. General Carles P. Cabell decides to check with Dean Rusk about the planned second air raid in the Bay of Pigs invasion. McGeorge Bundy tells Cabell there wil be no further air strikes until they can be launched from the beachhead or can appear to be launched from the beachhead.
  • April 17: An American backed Cuban invasion force landed at Bahia de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) in Cuba. Kennedy is heavily criticized.
  • April 18: McGeorge Bundy tells U.S. President John F. Kennedy that the situation at the Bay of Pigs is bad: "the Cuban armed forces are stronger, the popular response is weaker, and our tactical situation is feebler than we had hoped."
  • April 20: JFK delivers Cold War speech to American Society of Newsaper Editors: "We dare not fail to see the insidious nature of this new and deeper struggle. We dare not fail to grasp the new concepts, the new tools, the new sense of urgency we will need to combat it-whether in Cuba and South Vietnam."
  • April 20-26 Abortive French general's coup d'etat in French colonial Algeria.





  • August 4: Future Illinois Senator and perhaps future President of the United States Barack Obama is born in Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • August 8: First Libyan sweet crude is exported from Marsa el Brega.
  • August 13: Troops from the DDR (East Germany) seal the border between East Berlin and West Berlin with barbed wire fences. Several days later they begin pouring concrete to create the Berlin Wall.
  • August 30: Soviet Union announces it is resuming nuclear tests.


  • September 3: Federal Hourly Minimum Wage is raised from $1.00 to $1.15 an hour.
  • September 8: Unsuccessful OAS assassination attempt on Charles de Gaulle at Pont-sur-Seine.


  • October: New York Yankees win the World Series.
  • October 20: Soviet government learns that U.S. military has built an experimental replica section of the Berlin Wall in a secluded part of Berlin.
  • October 21: USAF launches satellite MIDAS that puts 350 million tiny copper needles in an 8 kilometer formation in orbit.
  • October 22: State Department's Allen Lightner stopped by East German police from attending the opera in East Berlin after he refuses to show them identification.
  • October 25: U.S. General Lucius Clay places U.S. Army tanks on alert near the sector boundary at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin.
  • October 28: American and Soviet tanks now point their guns at each other at Checkpoint Charlie.
  • October 30: Soviet Union breaks the moratorium on nuclear tests by detonating largest thermonuclear device. "Tzar Bomba" is air delivered by a Tu-95 Bear) and explodes over the "Novaya Zemlya" with a yield of 50 Mgt.


  • November 1: Women Strike for Peace organize peace marches.


  • December 22: Fidel Castro declares that Cuba will be become a "land free from illiteracy."

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