January 1: Farthing coin no longer legal tender in Britain.
January 20: John F. Kennedy inaugurated as President of the United States. At age 43 Kennedy is the youngest elected president and the first Roman Catholic. In his inaugural speech he asks: "And so, my fellow Americans ... ask not what your country can do for you ... ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world ... ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."
January 20: Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the 37th Vice President of the United States.
January 25: Rightwing military coup d'etat ousts another miltiary juunta in El Salvador.
April 16: U.S. General Carles P. Cabell decides to check with Dean Rusk about the planned second air raid in the Bay of Pigs invasion. McGeorge Bundy tells Cabell there wil be no further air strikes until they can be launched from the beachhead or can appear to be launched from the beachhead.
April 17: An American backed Cuban invasion force landed at Bahia de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) in Cuba. Kennedy is heavily criticized.
April 18: McGeorge Bundy tells U.S. President John F. Kennedy that the situation at the Bay of Pigs is bad: "the Cuban armed forces are stronger, the popular response is weaker, and our tactical situation is feebler than we had hoped."
April 20: JFK delivers Cold War speech to American Society of Newsaper Editors: "We dare not fail to see the insidious nature of this new and deeper struggle. We dare not fail to grasp the new concepts, the new tools, the new sense of urgency we will need to combat it-whether in Cuba and South Vietnam."
April 20-26 Abortive French general's coup d'etat in French colonial Algeria.
October 28: American and Soviet tanks now point their guns at each other at Checkpoint Charlie.
October 30: Soviet Union breaks the moratorium on nuclear tests by detonating largest thermonuclear device. "Tzar Bomba" is air delivered by a Tu-95 Bear) and explodes over the "Novaya Zemlya" with a yield of 50 Mgt.