February 13: Charles De Gaulle shouts Vive le France over French radio after France conducts its first nuclear weapons test: "Gerboise Bleue" or "Blue Desert Rat." Of course the bombinete is detonated not in France itself but in the Sahara, in someone else's country. Later France would conduct its nuclear tests in its colonial possessions in the South Pacific. In June 2009 the French government announced its plan to gradually accept financial responsibility for the health consequences of the tests, with an initial expenditure of 10m euros (£8.8m).
February 21: First Pershing missile (XM14) is test launched
May 1: Soviet shoot down U.S. U-2 with an anti-aircraft missile near Sverdlovsk. Captured pilot Francis Gary Power held in the Soviet Union for 21 months until the emb arrassing climb-down by the Eisenhower administraton.
May 6: Mexico frees Jacques Mornard (Ram¢n Mercader), Trotsky's assassin.
May 10: JFK wins Democratic Primary in West Virginia, proving that a very wealthy, well connected Roman Catholic elite can win in a predominantly Protestant state.
May 26: 150,000 protesters surround the Japanese National Diet in a rally organized by the National Council for the Revision of the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty.
December: Military coup attempt in Ethiopia by Imperial Bodyguard against Emperor Haile Selassie whil he in Brazil fails because U.S. Ambassador Arthur Richards helps to organize counter-coup that restores him to the throne. The aging monarch becomes increasingly dictatorial, corrupt and eventually senile. When a sucessful miltiary coup occurs in 1974 it degenerates into a brutal Stalinist dictatorship.
December: U.S. Special National Intelligence Estimate forsees no development, "likely to bring about a critical shift of popular opinion away from Castro."
December 1: Abbie Hoffman & Sheila Karklin are proud parents of Andrew Hoffman.
December 8: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower reviews the first plane for the Bay of Pigs invasion.
December 4: Soviet Union vetoes Mauritanian application for UN membership.
December 20: National Liberation Front (NLF) established by the Lao Dong (Worker's Party) in Vietnam.