British Government White Paper on the Burgess-Maclean Affair.
Conservative National Review founded.
Detroit manufacturers sell 7,920,000 automobiles.
South Vietnamese Army of civilian dictator President Ngô Đình Diệm defeats militias of religious sects in control of parts of South Vietnam. Enjoying the support of the Republican Eisenhower administration Diệm conducts a fraudulent referendum establishing South Vietnam as a republic with himself as president. He wins 98% of the vote. The Saturday Evening Post describes Diệm as a "mandarin in a sharkskin suit who's upsetting the Red timetable."
January 18: Chinese People's Liberation Army launches an improvised amphibious landing and occupation of Yijiangshan Island with 4000 troops. This leads the U.S. Congress to adopt the Formosa Resolution on January 29, 1955.
June 1: The Untouchability Act passed by the [India]]n Parliament comes into legal force to eliminate discrimination against dalits.
June 9: Speaking at Iowa State College, U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles asserts that, "neutrality has increasingly become an obsolete and, except under very exceptional circumstances, it is an immoral and shortsighted conception."
September 6-7: Turkish secret services launch a pogrom to drive out the remaining ethnic Greek population in the Republic of Turkey.
September 12: Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.
September 23: After 67 minutes of deliberation an all white jury sitting in a courtroom packed with 400 whites acquitted Roy Bryant and J.W. Milan of the murder of Emmett Till. Tallatachee County was 60% African-American.
September 27: Egypt announces a major arms agreement with Czechoslovakia.
October 13: Allen Ginsberg reads portions of Howl to the audience of the Six Gallery in San Francisco.
October 25: British Conservative MP for Brixton, Col. Marcus Lipton accuses Kim Philby of being a Soviet spy in the floor of Parliament. Philby faces down his accuser, demands proof from Lipton at a press conference two weeks later after parliamentary debate) and Lipton backs down and retracts the charge. Philby is a Soviet spy and remains at large for years only to later escape to the Soviet Union.