Germany uses the 1851 Prussian Law on the State of the Seige to systematically prosecute socialists and pacifists opposed to the First World War. Britain uses the Defense of the Realm Act to imprison socialists opposed to the same war.
El Paso adopts municipal ordinance banning the sale and possession of marijuana to send a political message to its Mexican underclass that the Anglo-Saxons are in charge. See Prohibition.
Chinese constitutional conference names warlord Yuan Shikai dictator for life.
August 3: British Neutrality Committee publishes a letter describing a threatened Germany, "wedged betwen hostile states, highly civilized."
August 5: British parliament passes the Alien Restriction Bill in a single day. Gave the Home Secretary authority over landing, registration, movement and deportation of all aliens, enemy, allied or neutral, in the UK.
August 8: British parliament pases the Defence of the Realm Act.
August 24: Alaska is finally organized as a U.S. Territory.
August 30: Paris is bombarded. 700,000 civilians flee by September.
September 1: Passenger Pigeon becomes extinct as the last one dies at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden. Well done American sportsmen!
September 9: The September Program or Septemberprogramm is outlined by German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg. The general aim of the war is to achieve the "security of the German Reich in west and east for all imaginable time."
September 27-30: The newspaper Vorwarts is banned in Germany and permited to publish again only after editors promise to eschew references to class struggle.