Anglo-Persian Oil Company organized to exploit the D'Arcy concession.
Home Rule for South Africa.
England adopts a minimum wage law copied from the state of Victoria in Australia.
Degania, the first Israeli kibbutz, is established.
U.S. Marines continue to occupy the Isthmus of Panama, which they will do until January 21, 1914.
U.S. Supreme Court decides Moyer v. Peabody (212 U.S. 78 (1909)), ruling that local authorities are immune from civil damages for action taken to suppress "local insurrections," in this case a miner's strike in Colorado.
Second edition of Sigmund Freud's Die Traumdeutung (The Interpretation of Dreams) is published.
January: British Liberal Party loses 100 seats in British General Election.
January 2: Future mid-century conservtaive Republican Party politician and failed U.S. Presidential candidate Barry Goldwater is born.
April 18: Joan of Arc beatified by the Vatican, which has all the time in the world.
June 20: Future Hollywood film star Errol Flynn is born in Australia.
August 14: British authorities in Sudan arrest Muktar al-Hashimi, who has declared himself to be Sahib al-Waqt or the 'Master of Time' and declared he has been instructed by God and the Prophet to declare a jihad and to rule Sudan until nabi 'isa (Prophet Jesus) came. They also arrest two of his sons and kill a third son in the process.
August 23: Mexican anarchist Flores Magon arrested in Los Angeles for violating the Neutrality Act.
October 10: British court sentences Muktar al-Hashimi to hang. One son is given a life sentence and another a commuted the death sentence of the other.
October 13: Francisco Ferrer is executed. Shouts to the firing squad: "I forgive you, children! Aim straight."
October 16: First presidential summit in U.S. history as the 350 lb. U.S. President William Howard Taft meets the uniformed 7 term Mexican President (dictator) Porfirio Diaz in El Paso.
October 18: Future political scientist Norberto Bobbio is born in Italy.