German national and historian Carl Peters crisscrosses east Africa armed with a revolver, forcing village chiefs to append their “signatures” to "treaties" ceding sovereignty to their lands to Germany.
Berlin Conference to organize colonialism in Africa, a.k.a. the Scramble for Africa.
Borodin, a.k.a. George Brown, a.k.a. Mikhail Markovich Grunzeberg is born in the Pale in western Russia.
Sir John Seeley publishes The Expansion of England as imperialist propaganda.